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Ref No IE TCD MS 10539
Title Papers of Liam De Róiste (1882-1959)
Creation Dates 1864-1969
Extent And Medium 2 boxes
Level Of Description Collection
Author Liam De Róiste
Admin Biographical History Liam De Róiste (William Roche), author, lecturer, gaelic scholar and politician was born in Cork, May 1882. Both his parents were national schoolteachers and his father, Edward Roche, died when Liam was very young. He began his working career, aged 17, in a draper's shop in Cork. He joined the Cork branch of Conradh na Gaeilge in April 1899. In 1899 he also joined the Cork Young Ireland Society where Terence Mac Swiney was a fellow member. He was secretary at Colaiste na Mumhan (Munster College), the Irish College at Ballingeary, from 1904-1936. He was a co-founder of the Cork Celtic Literary Society. He was vice-chairman of the Cork branch of Sinn Féin from its foundation in 1906.
On the 27 July 1909 Liam De Róiste married Nóra Ní Bhriain, secretary of the Cork branch of Iníní na hÉireann. He joined the Irish Volunteers in 1913 and fought in the 1916 Easter Rising with the Cork city Battalion. He was elected as a Sinn Féin MP for the Cork City constituency at the 1918 general election. In 1920 he was one of a number of people permitted to visit Terence MacSwiney during his hungerstrike in Brixton Prison. De Róiste was re-elected without contest at the 1921 elections for the Cork Borough constituency. In 15 May 1921 Fr James O' Callaghan, who was staying in the De Róiste family home in Sunday's Well, was shot and killed by a Black and Tan raiding party, evidently mistaking him for Liam De Róiste. He supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty and was re-elected in the 1922 general election as a member of pro-treaty Sinn Féin. He did not stand in the 1923 general election. De Róiste was an unsuccessful Cumann na nGaedhael candidate in the June 1927 general election. He worked for the Irish International Trading Corporation in Cork until 1956. Liam De Róiste died 15 May 1959.
Scope And Content Papers relating to the Irish Volunteer (Cork corps) (1913-15); GAA reform committee (1904); De Róiste's recollections of incidents in Cork during Easter week (1916); campaign material for the general election (1918); National Defence Fund receipt book (1919); Dáil Éireann (1919); Anglo Irish Treaty (1921); Sinn Féin (1918-19).
Letters to Liam De Róiste concerning Irish nationalist politics and the Irish language, in particular Cork receptions for O' Donovan Rossa (1904); Comhairle Náisiúnta and Cumann na nGaedheal (1906-07); Gaelic League (1907-13); Fianna Éireann (1912-13); Irish Volunteer movement (1913-14); Sinn Féin business (1907: 1918-19); first Dáil Éireann (1919); Munster College (1925-26).
Letters from Liam De Róiste concerning the Irish Volunteers (1914) and Sinn Féin and the general election (1918); letters to his wife Nóra concerning Terence Mac Swiney (1920) and the Treaty (1920-21).
Other correspondents relating to Munster Training College (1913), Irish Volunteers and supply of arms (1914-15); Sinn Féin ard-Fheis (1918); death of Liam de Róiste (1959).
Document T.C.D.MS10539.pdf
Access Conditions Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Copyright Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Mgt Group Political
Irish language (modern)
Language English and Irish.
Related Material Personal papers of Liam De Róiste: IE Cork City and County Archives Ref. Code U271.
Correspondence of Liam De Róiste,1911-1955: IE National Library of Ireland MS 44,687.
Letters and circulars addressed to Liam De Róiste, 1905-1925: IE National Library of Ireland MS 46,071.
Public Note Diarmuid Breathnach agus Máire Ní Mhurchú, 1882-1982: Beathaisnéis a trí (Dublin: An Clóchomhar,1992) pp26-28.
Diarmuid Ó Murchadha, Liam de Róiste (Dublin: An Clóchomhar, 1976).
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