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Ref No IE TCD MS 10577
Title John Millington Synge papers: letters
Creation Dates 1906-1909
Level Of Description Collection
Author Synge, J. M.(John Millington),1871-1909.
Admin Biographical History John Millington Synge, playwright, poet, prose writer and collector of folklore, was born on 16 April 1871 in Rathfarnham, County Dublin. He studied Irish and Hebrew in Trinity College. He was also an excellent musician. With William Butler Yeats, Lady Gregory and others he helped to establish the Irish National Theatre Society (later the Abbey Theatre).
Synge's first visit to the Aran Islands took place in 1898, and he spent the following five summers there, collecting stories and folklore and perfecting his Irish. During this period he wrote his first play When the Moon has Set. He also produced a book called The Aran Islands in 1900, based upon his experiences there. In 1902 he wrote the first versions of three of his 6 plays: Riders to the Sea, In the Shadow of the Glen, and The Tinker's Wedding. He paid his first visit to Kerry in September 1903. This provided inspiration for some of his later works, including The Playboy of the Western World, Synge's major creative achievement, which he began writing in the Autumn of 1904. The first production of this play caused riots in the Abbey Theatre in 1907.
In 1907 he became engaged to actor Molly Allgood (Maire O Neill) (1906-1909) ; two years later, on 24 March 1909, he succumbed to cancer.
Holbrook Jackson (1874-1948) was a journalist and bibliophile
Scope And Content Letters.
/1-33. Letters from John M. Synge to Molly Allgood ('Maire O'Neill') )
/34-36. Letters from John M. Synge to journalist Holbrook Jackson and John G. Wilson
/37-40. Miscellaneous letters
/41-43. Fragments of dramatic and miscellaneous writings
Custodial History Presented 1992.
Access Conditions Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie.
Copyright Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Public Note Andrew Carpenter (ed.), My uncle John: Edward Stephens' life of J. M. Synge (1974)
Ann Saddlemyer (ed.), Complete letters of J.M.Synge (2 vols, 1983-4)
Ann Saddlemyer et al (eds.), Collected works of J.M.Synge (4 vols, 1962-68)
W.J. McCormack, The fool of the family: a life of J.M. Synge (2000)
[Nicholas Grene], The Synge manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College Dublin (1971)
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