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Ref No IE TCD MS 174
Former Shelf Marks Lyon: B.4.3
Bernard: 478
Foley: H.5
c1670: N.1.8
Ussher: HHH.53
Title Lives of Saints, etc.
Creation Dates [1078-1125]
Extent And Medium Parchment (poor quality); ii+124 leaves (i-ii, 124 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Level Of Description Collection
Scope And Content A passional (imperfect), featuring a collection of lives of saints (legenda sanctorum) for liturgical readings throughout the year. Written at Old Sarum sometime between the late 11th and early 12th centuries and formed part of the foundation collection of Salisbury Cathedral. The passional was originally compiled in four volumes, listed as item nos. 157-160 in the 1622 catalogue of the cathedral library produced by Patrick Young (1584-1652), royal librarian to Kings James I and Charles I of England. The three companion volumes are now housed by Salisbury Cathedral as MSS 221-223 (formerly Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Fell 1-4). Salisbury MSS 221 and 223 mainly represent the liturgical calendar from January to June, MS 222 represents July to October, and TCD MS 174 represents mainly April to December. The multi-volume passional may have been copied in stages from an earlier model produced between the mid-11th and early 12th centuries at Worcester Cathedral Priory (surviving volumes now London, British Library MS Cotton Nero E I and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 9) (T. Webber, 'Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075-c. 1125' (Oxford, 1992), 40).

Folios 1-9: (1) St Gregory of Tours, De Miraculis S. Andreae (On the miracles of St Andrew the Apostle) (ed. M. Bonnet, 'Monumenta Germaniae Historica', Scriptores Rerarum Merovingicarum, 1 (1885) 826-846; Société des Bollandistes (ed.), 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', 2 vols (Brussels, 1898-1901), no. 430): List of contents, headed iunt capitula de libro miraculorum sancti Andreae. Incipiunt miracula uel passio beati Andree apostoli. nclita sanctorum apostolorum trophea nulli credo - rationis et puritate mentis. 1-9 Igitur primo illum dominice ascensionis nobilem - uel ueniam non negandam.

Folios 9-10: (2) Passio S. Andreae (Passion of St Andrew the Apostle) (M.Bonnet, 'Acta Andreae apostoli cum laudatione contexta', in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 13 (1894) 374-378; BHL, no. 429): Conuersante et docente et predicante uerbum dei beato Andrea - pridie kalendas Decembris regnante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, cui est honor et gloria in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folio 10: (3) Prologus In Laude S. Lucae (Prologue to St Luke the Evangelist) (BHL, no. 4986d): Incipit prologus in laude Luce euangeliste. Lucas Hebraice Latine ipse consurgens siue ipse eleuans - Cuius ossa regnante Constantino Constantinopolim sunt translata eiusque natalicium celebratur xv kl. Nouembris.

Folios 10-12v: (4) Paul the Deacon, Laudatio S. Lucae (In praise of St Luke the Evangelist) ('Patrologia Latina' 95:1530-1535; BHL, no. 4973): Expositio Decorosi presbiteri in laude Luce euangeliste. Cum in diuinis uoluminibus studiose lectitando - quem predicauit confluerent, qui cum patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat deus per omnia secula seculorum. Amen. Text divided in pencil in later medieval hand into 6 lessons.

Folios 12v-15v: (5) Vita et Passio S. Barnabae (Life and Passion of St Barnabas) (BHL, no. 985): Inc. Vita prologue (12v), Sermo in laude beati Barnabe apostoli. Redemptor et saluator noster dominus Ihesus Christus antequam de interitu Satane triumphans uictor - relatione pandere curamus; Inc. Vita (12v-14), Denique iste est ille Barnabas sanctissimus - uerba sequentes fideliter declaremus; Inc. Passio prologue (14r-v), Prologus in passione Barnabe apostoli. Barnabas hebraice latine - festiuitas celebratur tercio idus Iunias; Inc. Passio(14v-15v), Incipit passio sancti Barnabe apostoli. Iohannes igitur ego, qui et Marcus famulus domini Ihesu Christi - laudibus mirifice collocatum est ad honorem et gloriam domini nostri Ihesu Christi, qui cum patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat deus per infinita secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit passio s. Barnabe. Text divided in pencil in later medieval hand into 4 lessons.

Folios 16r-v: (6) St Augustine of Hippo, Sermo de S. Vincentio (Sermon on St Vincent) (Augustine, Sermo, no. 276; PL 38: 1255-1257): Incipit sermo sancti Augustini de sancto Vincentio. In passione que nobis hodie recitata est, fratres karissimi, euidenter ostenditur iudex ferox - in conspectu domini mors sanctorum eius, cui est honor et imperium cum patre et spiritu sancto in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 16v-17: (7) St Augustine of Hippo (attributed), Sermo De S. Vincentio (Sermon on St Vincent) (Augustine, Caillau 1.47.3; 'Patrologia Latina Supplement' 2, (Paris, 1960), 417-419): Item alius sermo. Vincentii martiris sancti fortissimam et gloriosissimam passionem celebrare sollempniter et non segniter predicare. Vidimus animo et cogitatione conspeximus - grauiora non sunt condigne passiones huius temporis ad futuram gloriam que reuelabitur in nobis.

Folios 17-19v: (8) Lucian of Samosata, Reuelatio seu Inuentio S. Stephani (The Revelation and Invention of St Stephen) (BHL, no. 7854): Reuelatio gloriosa de reliquiis sacratissimis protomartyris Christi Stephani sociorumque eius per sanctum Gamalielem uenerabili Luciano presbitero celitus ostensa. Domino sancto et uenerabili Hienesio Lucianus presbiter' in Christo Ihesu perpetuam salutem. Reuelatio que michi ostensa est dignum duxi ut uestre pandere sanctitati - semper presentem instruite uiam ueritatis adiuuante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, cui est honor laus et gloria uirtus et imperium ac potestas a principio et nunc et semper in secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit inuentio sancti Stephani ac sociorum eius. Text divided in pencil in later medieval hand into 5 lessons.

Folios 19v-21: (9) Passio SS. Euphemiae, Sosthenis, ac Victoris (Passion of Sts Euphemia, Sosthenes and Victor) (BHL, no. 2708): Incipit passio sancte Eufemie et Sostenis ac Victoris. Diclitiano (!) imperatore ac Prisco Europe proconsule erat congregatio Christianorum in ciuitate Calcedona - mille passibus a ciuitate Calcidonensium in honore glorie domini nostri Ihesu Christi, cui est cum patre et spiritu sancto uirtus et potestas in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 21-22v: (10) Passio Didimi et Theodorae (Passion of Sts Didymus and Theodora) (C. Lanéry (ed.), 'La Passion de Théodora et Didyme: Édition des traductions latines BHL 8072 et 8073', in 'Analecta Bollandiana', 122, 1 (2004), 33-49 with use of TCD MS 174; BHL, no. 8072): Incipit martirium Didimi et Theodore uirginis, iiii kl. Magias (!). 21v In ciuitate Alexandria Proculus, cum sedisset pro tribunali, dixit - igne cremauerunt. Et consummauit martirium per dominum nostrum Ihesum Christum, cui est honor et gloria potentia in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 22v-23v: (11) Passio S. Luceiae (Passion of St Lucy) (BHL, no. 4980c): Incipit passio sancte Luceie uirginis. Luceia uirgo Christi cuius (!) urbica captiuata est - suscipientes sententiam deo gratias egerunt quod eos dominus ad passionem uocari dignatus est ipso adiuuante, qui cum patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 23v-26: (12) Passio SS. Fidei, Spei, Caritatis, et matris earum Sapientiae (Passion of Sts Faith, Hope and Charity and their mother Sophia or Wisdom) (BHL, no. 2970): Passio sanctarum uirginum Spei et Fidei et Caritatis et matris earum Sapientie, kl. Augusti. Mulier quedam nomine Sapientia de genere primo ualde diues - secundum sanctarum prophetiam. Passe sunt dei uirgines Spes, Fides, Caritas, et mater earum Sapientia kl. Augustas Rome.

Folios 26-30: (13) Passio S. Theclae (Passion of St Thecla) (BHL, no. 8020a): Incipit passio sancte Tecle uirginis. Non est quidem miraculum quod etiam apostolus Paulus eos quos sibi in amicitia adiunxerat sit expertus - lumen infundens postea cum bona uoluntate requieuit in pace. On 28v: lectio iii'a.

Folios 30-32v: (14) Conuersio et Passio S. Afrae (Conversion and Passion of St Afra) (MGH, 55-64; BHL, no. 109): Inc. Conuersio (30-32), Erat namque Narcisus episcopus eodem tempore quo Dioclitiana feruebat insania - fructum doctrine eius in Afra prosequimur; Inc. Passio (32r-v), Apud prouinciam Ritias in ciuitate in ciuitate (!) Augusta sub die viiii Augustarum - mater eius Hylaria et familia eius benedicentes dominum, qui glorificat sanctos suos per bonam confessionem. Ipsi gloria in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 32v-41v: (15) Vita et Conuersatio S. Eupraxiae (Life and Conversion of St Euphrasia) (Acta Sanctorum (1668), 265-274; BHL, no. 2718): Incipit uita et conuersatio sancte Eufraxie uirginis. In diebus Theodosii piissimi imperatoris fuit uir quidam senator in regia ciuitate Antigonus nomine - angelorum conuersationem mereamur et gaudium et letitiae (!) per magnum regem dominum nostrum et saluatorem Ihesum Christum, cui est gloria in secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit uita et conuersatio sancte Eufraxie.

Folios 41v-43: (16) Passio Ss. Victoris et Coronae (Passion of Sts Victor and Corona) (Acta Sanctorum (1680), 266-268); BHL, no. 8561): Passio sancti Victoris et Corone. In illis diebus persecutio fuit Christianis sub rege Antonino rege pagano ciue Romano - Passi sunt autem sancti martires beatus Victor et gloriosa Corora (!) id est die pridie id. main (!) hora nona. Ending imperfect.

Folios 43v-44: (17) Passio S. Crispinae (Passion of St Crispin) (PL, 129: 727-730; BHL, no. 1989): Passio sancte Crispine martyris atque sancte sacrata (!) uirgo (!). Diocliciano ii'o et Maximiano Augusto consulibus die nonarum Decembrium apud coloniam Thebestinam - Passa est beata Crispina apud coloniam Thebestinam die nonarum Decembrium imperante Anullino pro consule regnante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, cui est honor et gloria potestas et uirtus in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folio 44r-v: (18) Passio S. Theodotae et filiorum eius (Passion of St Theodata and her sons) (BHL, no. 8096): Incipit passio Theodote et filiorum eius, iiii n. ag's. Quam ingentem in sanctissimam Theodotem iniquitatem demonstrauerunt tantumque mundissima cum liberis suis in deum ostendit fidem - ad mortem pergebat gaudebunda flamma tradi Bithynie tyranno precipienti.

Folios 45-48: (19) Venantius Honorius Clementianus Fortunatus, Vita S. Paterni (Life of St Padarn) (ed. B. Krusch, 'Monumenta Germaniae Historica Auctores Antiquissimi' 4.2 (1885), 33-37; BHL, no. 6477): Incipit prefatio domni Fortunati episcopi in uita sancti Paterni sanctissimi confessoris. Domino sancto et uenerabili meritis totoque sinu pectoris - meritis felicibus equaliter occurrerunt, miracula facientes post obitum qui beatis operibus uiuunt integre post sepulchrum. Explicit uita sanctissimi confessoris atque episcopi Paterni. 48v-49 left blank.

Folios 50-52: (20) Vita S. Aegidii (Life of St Giles) (E. Rembry (ed.), 'Saint Gilles', 2, (Bruges, 1881), 515-524; BHL, no. 93): Incipit uita beati Egidii abbatis edita a Fulberto episcopo, quod est kalenda Septembris. Proemium. Sanctorum quidem ac propensiori cultu reuerentiae uenerandorum patrum - peruidendo cognoscat. Explicit prologus. Incipit narratio. 50-52 Sanctus igitur Egidius natione Grecus a preclaris parentibus originem duxit - petimus tua sancta merita, pater Egidi, apud dominum deum nostrum, qui cum filio suo et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat unus deus per cuncta seculorum secula. Amen. This work is attributed in the text to Fulbert, bishop of Chartres (d. 1028). Text divided in pencil in later medieval hand into 6 lessons.

Folios 52-56: (21) John, archdeacon of Bari, Translatio de S. Nicolao (Translation of St Nicholas) (L. Surius (ed.), 'De Probatis Sanctorum Historiis' 7 (1581) 397-406; BHL, no. 6190): Sermones de sancto Nicholao; Inc. prologue (52v): Uniuersis Christi ecclesiis litteris nostris cognoscenda significamus. Que miranda laudanda et ueneranda - pandere non morabor; Inc. Translation (52v-56): Postquam beati Nicholai substantia incorporea et inuisibilis a corpore - agenda erant illum constituit.

Folios 56v-57: (22) Passio S. Iuliani Cenomannensis (Passion of St Julian of Le Mans) (cf. B. de Gaiffier, 'Le martyrologe et le légendier d'Hermann Greven', in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 54 (1936) 352, no. 228; BHL, no. 4546d), in 3 lessons: In natale sancti Iuliani confessoris. [B]eatus itaque Iulianus, Romana generositate clarissimus, lingua facundus, iusticia insignis, merito fidei percelebris - baptismi gratiam consecutus numero fidelium applicatus est. 57v left blank.

Folios 58-59v: (23) Radboud, Bishop of Utrecht, Sermo in Natale S. Seruatii Tungrensis (Sermon on the Anniversary of St Servatius of Tongeren) (ed. 'S. Servatii, Tungrensis episcopi, Vitæ antiquiores tres', in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 1 (1882) 104-111; BHL, no. 7614): iii idus Mai, natale sancti Seruatii Tungrensis episcopi. Vir pretiosus et deo dignus Seruatius Tungrensis ecclesie pontifex merito precipuis cunctorum laudibus fidelium honoratur - uirtutem deseruisse probetur. Ending imperfect.

Folios 60-62v: (24) Vita S. Leonardi (Life of St Leonard) (F. Arbellot (ed.), 'Vie de S. Léonard' (Paris, 1863), 277-289; BHL, no. 4862): Vita sancti Leonardi confessoris. Beatus igitur Leonardus temporibus Anastasii imperatoris in prouincia Galliarum - languores per intercessionem eius ibidem curantur prestante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, qui cum patre et spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum. Amen. Text divided in brown ink in later medieval hand into 5 lessons.

Folios 62v-63v: (25) Miracula S. Leonardi (cf. Surius o.c. 6 (1575) 118-121; BHL, no. 4863): [P]reterea post transitum sancti Leonardi per miracula que deus per eum operabatur, pagus ille - omnipotenti deo fidelique suo Leonardo laudes deuotissimas exhibebant / audientes igitur hoc Lemouicensium. Ending imperfect. Text noted as 'Lectio vi'a' (62v) following division of (24).

Folios 64-72v: (26) Passio SS. Iuliani Et Basilissae (Passion of Sts Julian and Basilissa) (BHL, no. 4529): Passio sanctorum Iuliani et Basilisse uirginis. Beatus Iulianus nobili familia illustris in seculo erat - baptisterium mundaretur. Passi sunt autem v idus Ianuarii regnante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, qui est gloriosus in secula seculorum. Amen. Text imperfect, omitting prologue and lacking Chapter 64.

Folio 72v: (27) Passio S. Balthildis (Passion of St Bathild) (B. Krusch (ed.), 'Monumenta Germaniae Historica Script. Rer. Merou.' 2 (1888), 482-508; BHL, no. 905): In natale sancte Baldhilde regine capitulum. [B]eata Baldhilde (!) de partibus transmarinis diuina prouidentia depredata et uili precio sed incomparabili commertio - in cuius ministerio ipsa adolescens ita decentessime (!) conuersata ut honesta eius. Ending imperfect. The readings 'depredata', 'incomparabili commertio', and 'decentissime' indicate that this manuscript belongs to Krusch's B class.

Folios 73-85: (28) Felix of Crowland, Vita S. Guthlaci (Life of St Guthlac) (W. de Gray Birch (ed.), 'Memorials of S. Guthlac of Crowland', (Wisbech, 1881), 1-64; B. Colgrave (ed.), 'Felix's Life of Saint Guthlac' (Cambridge, 1956) with use of TCD MS 174; BHL, no. 3723): Incipit prologus de uita sancti Gullaci (!) presbiteri; Inc. prologue (73r-v): [I]n domino dominorum domino meo mihi pre ceteris regalium - finem in fine compono. Explicit prologus; List of contents (73v-74): Incipiunt capitula libri sancti Guthlaci anachorite. (74) In nomine trino et diuino incipit liber de uita sancti Guthlaci strenuissimi ac perfectissimi anachorite; Inc. Life (74-85): [F]uit itaque in diebus Aedelredi inlustris Anglorum regis quidam uir de egregia stirpe - quas nullus reddere nescit. Text imperfect, lacking Chapter 52. Text divided into 12 sections in later medieval hand in brown ink. The text copy in MS 174 was derived from the same exemplar as the copy produced in Worcester (British Library, Cotton MS Nero E I, ff. 185-196) (Colgrave o.c., 50-51; Webber o.c., 70).

Folios 85r-v: (29) Ps.-Athanasius, Sermo In Imagine Berytensi Christi Crucifixi (Sermon on the likeness of the crucified Christ in Beirut) ('Patrologia Graeca' 28:819-824; BHL, no. 4230): Sermo sancti Athanasii episcopi Alexandrie de mirabilibus que fecit imago domini moderno tempore in Biritho ciuitate v idus Nouemb'. Eleuate oculos sensus uestri, uniuersi sancte Christiane religionis patres et fratres - acoetum et fel dederunt ei porrecta. Ending imperfect (PG, col. 821).

Folios 86-94v: (30) Vita S. Amelbergae (Life of St Amalberga) (Acta Sanctorum Jul. 3 [1723] 90-102; BHL, no. 323): Incipit prologus in uita sacratissime uirginis Christi Amelberge. Gloria et honor dei uiuentis est merita uirtutesque sanctorum narrare - nota quod fuere publica. Incipit uita sacratissime uirginis Christi Amelberge; Inc. Life (86-94v): Gloriosissima igitur Christi uirgo Amalberga (!) huius uite exordia sumpsit in pago Ardenna - personantibus fidelium choris ad laudem domini nostri Ihesu Christi, cui cum deo patre et spiritu sancto honor uirtus et gloria in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 95-96: (31) Ps.-Augustine of Hippo, Sermo in Natale S. Stephani protomartyris (Sermon on the Anniversary of St Stephen protomartyr) (Augustine, Sermo, app. 217; PL, 39: 2147-2149): Sermo beati Augustini doctoris in natale sancti Stephani protomartiris. Quoniam uideo nostras disputationes graphio ceraque ligari - sanctus moriens in eterna pace obdormiuit.

Folios 96-97: (32) St Augustine of Hippo, Sermo De S. Stephano (Sermon on St Stephen) (Augustine, Sermo, no. 316; PL: 38: 1431-1434): Cuius supra de eodem martire. Gloriosissimus et in Christo beatissimus martir Stephanus iam sermone suo saginauit nos - quem lapidasti, qui est coronatus ab eo qui uiuit et regnat in secula seculorum. Amen. Ending imperfect.

Folios 97-98v: (33) St Augustine of Hippo, Sermo De S. Stephano (Sermon on St Stephen) (Augustine, Sermo, no. 382; PL: 39: 1684-1686): Item sermo de eodem martire. Iesus filius Naue in heremo pugnabat et Moyses orabat. Non ambo pugnabant - nisi prius pro inimicis oraueris.

Folios 98v-99: (34) Caesarius of Arles, Sermo de S. Stephano (Sermon on St Stephen) (Caeserius, Sermo, no. 220; G. Morin (ed.), 'Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina' 104 (1953), 871-873): Item sermo sancti Augustini de sancto Stephano. Quotiens caritatem uestram secundum preceptum domini ad diligendos inimicos - Nos fecimus quod iussisti, presta nobis quod promisisti qui uiuis et regnas deus per omnia secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 99-103v: (35) Lawrence of Novara, Sermo De Elemosyna (Sermon on Mercy) (PL, 66: 105-116): Fratres karissimi, omnis scriptura diuinitus inspirata et salubriter ordinata (2 Tim. 3.16), ut ait apostolus, utilis est ad audiendum, apta ad instruendum gaudeas cum iustis ad dexteram uenientibus in eternam requiem permansurus prestante domino nostro Ihesu Christo, cui est gloria in secula seculorum. Amen.

Folios 104-107: (36) Passio S. Cypriani (Passion of St Cyprian) (G. Hartel (ed.), 'Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum' 3.1 (1868) xc-cx; BHL, no. 2041): Passio sancti Cypriani martiris. Ciprianus religiosus antistes ac estis (!) dei religiosus et si multa conscripsit - necaretur et hi erant cotidiani actus destinati ad placentiam dei. Explicit uita sancti Cipriani martiris. Text imperfect, ending in Chapter 15.

Folios 107-114v: (37) Paschasius Radbertus, Passio SS. Rufini Et Valerii (Passion of Sts Rufinus and Valerius) (PL, 120: 1490-1508; BHL, no. 7374): Passio sanctorum martirum Rufini et Wa[lerii]; Inc. prologue (107r-v): Rotbertus Corbeinsis abbas confessoribus Christi ad memoriam sanctorum martirum Rufini ac Valerii cum nos - debemus aure transire. Set ueniamus ad narrationem; Inc. Passion (107v-114v): Imperantibus Diocletiano et Maximiano augustis persecutionis procella Christi - precibus muniant, sufragiis defendant. Explicit passio.

Folios 114v-116: (38) St Gaudentius of Brescia, Tractatus XV: De Machabeis (Tract 15 on Maccabees) (Clavis, no. 215; A. Glueck (ed.), 'Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum' 68 (1936), 130-136): Incipit tractus de Machabeis martyribus, die natalis eorum. Si quis uestrum, fratres dilectissimi, fortasse miratur Iudeos - mortis exitio. Ipse est enim nostra redemptio, cui omnis honor uirtus et gloria cum patre et cum spiritu sancto per omnia secula. Amen.

Folios 116-120v: (39) Anastasius the Librarian (trans.), Passio S. Achatii cum X Milibus Sociis (Passion of St Achatius with 10,000 companions) (Acta Sanctorum (1707), 182-187; BHL, no. 20): x k. Iul. Passio sancti Achatii cum x milibus sociis suis; Inc. prologue (116): Saluatore igitur domino nostro Ihesu Christo eterni et ueri dei filio apparente - accelerat fideliter depromere; Inc. Passion (116-120v): Adrianus et Antonius cum imperii Romani gubernarent - cuncti propriis conduntur monte locellis. Iam retinent regnum nunc te duce, Christe, supernum. Deo patri omnipotenti filioque cum sancto sit laus spiritu decus potestas uirtus atque uictoria per infinita seculorum secula. AMHN. Text imperfect, lacking letter of Anastasius and damage present with holes and tears.

Folio 120v: (40) Double Mass in honour of martyrs, possibly St Achatius and his 10,000 companions: Tua nos omnipotens deusgratia semper protegat et conseruet et tuorum gloriosorum martirum quam preuenimus beata sollempnitas' Epistola. Hi sunt uiri misericordie (cf. Ecclus. 44.10). Euangelium. Cum audieritis prelia et seditiones (Luc. 21.9). Secreta. Sanctifica quesumus deus munera que tue pietati' Post communionem. Perceptis, domine, muneribus sacris, iam deprecamur clemenciam' Adiuuet ecclesiam tuam, deus, gloriosa martirum obsecracio sanctorum, et quorum hodierna die mirabilem excipimus martirii triumphum eorum interuencionem apud t[u]am clemenciam senciamus. Per. Epistola. Iustorum anime (cf. 2 Pet. 2.8). Euangelium. Videns turbas dominus Ihesus ascendit in montem (Mat. 5.1). Secreta. Hostias tibi, domine deus noster, placacionis et laudis offerimus' Celestibus refecti alimoniis, tuam domine deus exoramus clementiam ut horum martirum quorum honoribus exhibentur eorum meritis intercedentibus a te mentis et corporis subsidia capiamus. Per. Text imperfect, due to damage present with holes. St Achatius is not listed in the Sarum Missal (M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Aldershot, 1991), no. 174).

Folios 121-123: (41) On the Apostle's Creed, beginning: C[page tear] 'non creatum sed ingenitum' filium quoque de substancia patris sine inicio ante secula natum nec tamen factum esse fatemur quia nec pater sine filio nec filius aliquando extitit sine patre. Et tamen non sicut filius de patreita pater de filio quia pater a filio sed filius a patre generacionem accepit - unum baptisma credimus et confitemur in remissionem omnium peccatorum. Sub qua fide et resurrectionem mortuorum ueraciter credi[mus] et futuri seculi gaudia pettamus (!). Hoc tantum nobis orandum est et peten[dum] ut cum peracto finitoque iudicio tradiderit regnum filius deo patri, particip[es] nos efficiat regni sui ut per hanc fidem qua illi inhesimus cum illo sin[e] fine regnemus. Amen. Text imperfect, with loss of text (121r-v) with part of leaf torn away and numerous holes and tears throughout.

Folio 123v: (42) Litanies and prayer: [Kirie] eleyson Christe ley[so]n (!) Christe audi nos. Pater de celis deus mi[serere nobis. Fili] redemptor mundi deus miiserere (!) nobis. Spiritus sancte deus misere[re nobis sancta tri]nita[s et deus] unus miserere nobis. Sancta Maria ora. Sancta dei genitrix ora. Sancta uirgo uirgi[num] ora. Sancte Michael ora. Sancte Gabriel ora. Sancte Raphael ora. Domine sancte pater [omni]potens sempiterne deus, qui nos ad principium huius diei peruenire fecisti' tua nos. Some loss of text at beginning of each line due to a tear. The prayer, beginning 'Domine sancte', is in larger letters than the litanies.

Later additions:

Folio ii, flyleaf: (43) List of contents: Miracula sancti Andree - Passio sancti Paschasii (!) cum x milibus sociis suis. Titles of texts (1)-(19) copied in a contemporary English Caroline minuscule hand, followed by later addition of titles (20)-(37) in an early 13th-century English cursive hand.

Folio 49v: (44) List of contents: Vita sancti Egidii abbatis - Passio sancti Sachacii (!) cum x milibus sociis suis. Titles of texts (20)-(37) copied in a contemporary English Caroline minuscule hand.

Folios 124r-v: Fragment from another work used as end flyleaf, composed in 5 columns in a 12th-century transitional English protogothic minuscule hand. This leaf is inserted sideways in the codex and 124v may possibly be the true recto. The 5 columns on 124r and 1st column on 124v provide medical advice on diet. The second column on 124v (in a different hand from rest of 124r-v text) instructs the physician how to take leave of his patient courteously after the recovery: precepta mea diligenter obseruastis. Tempus est ut de petenda licentia competenter uobis sicut in ceteris documentis predictis et nunc consulere non desistam' Aput ipsum ergo hunc sermonem habeatis Omnipotens misericordia sua per ministrum nostrum dignatus est hunc dominum, ad quem uocati sumus, pristine reddere sanitati' Rogamus ergo ut per uos nobis detur licentia et sit honesta dimissio' cum gratiarum acceptione referta bursa cum gaudio et hilaritate, primo a domino, demum ab omnibus in domo ex???, si fieri potest, perpetrata licentia uade in pace. Column 2 on 124v also lists medical symptoms and their significance, e.g.: liuida et discolorata uitium gutte significant. Columns 3 and 4 on 124v are philosophical, dealing with such matters as 'qualitas', 'dispositio' and 'habitus', 'albus' as distinct from 'albedo' (cf. the opening of Aristotle's Categoriae (Book 3) in the version of Boethius (PL, 64: 239-243)). Column 5, the final column on 124v, deals with how physicians should work: Quando igitur, o medice, ad egrotum uocaberis, adiutorium tuum sit dum angelus qui comitatus est Thobiam, affectum mentis et gressus cordis comitetur' Et hec que diximus admod[um] ut in omnibus tuis moribus astantium compares fauorem' The second column on 124v seems to give the conclusion of the work represented on 5th column of 124v (cf Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lyell MS empt. 2 and London Royal College of Physicians 359; cf. Oxford, Pembroke College MS 21; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', second edition, Mediaeval Academy of America, (Cambridge, MA., 1963), columns 323, 329; cf. De Aduentu Medici Ad Aegrotum, ed. Salvatore de Renzi, 'Collectio Salernitana' 2, (Naples, 1853), 74-80; cf. Archimatheus, 'Instructio Medici', ed. de Renzi, o.c. 5, (Naples, 1859), 333-349). The leaf, trimmed to 151 x 265 mm, has loss of text at the sides and foot. Some of the upper part of the leaf may be seen in the strip, with writing on its recto and verso, after 116v.
Phyiscal Description Dimensions: 280 x 170 mm (Booklet A (1-49) written space: 230 x 125 mm; Booklet B (50-115) written space: 225 x 130 mm)

Layout: MS formed mainly of two booklets (A, 1-49 and B, 50-115). Written in single column of c45 lines. Ruling by hard point.

Script: English Caroline minuscule of medium grade. MS produced in two campaigns by separate scribal groups (Groups I and II) (N.R. Ker, 'Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage' (London, 1985) 143-173; Webber o.c., 11-13, 22-27, 143 and 158). Anglo-Latin abbreviations present in text, e.g.: anteq (antequam) on 12v, h(c) (autem) on 21v.

Corrections and marginalia: Corrections and notations in hands of Groups I and II Salisbury scribes, including marking words for deletion by 'ua-' and '-cat' (e.g. 5v, 14v). Texts (4), (5), (8), (20), (24) and (25) have been divided into lessons in pencil and brown ink by a later medieval hand. A marginal note (1) in a late medieval cursive hand attributing authorship of Text (1) to William of Malmesbury: '[special sign duplicated at start of text 'Incipiunt'] à Guilielmus Mal= / mesburiensi conscripta'. Marginalia added to flyleaf (i), including possible row of music neumes, phrase 'omni uni in me' in late 11th/ early 12th-century Caroline minuscule hand, and note 'Bolland' in a 17th-century italic hand, in probable reference to the 'Acta Sanctorum' of the Bollandist Society. Pen-trial letters 'abcde / fgo' in 12th-century protogothic hand on flyleaf (ii).

Loss of text: MS damaged in parts with holes and tears, resulting in loss of text. Sets of verses described in Young's 1622 catalogue and formerly found at the end of the manuscript are now missing (N.R. Ker, 'Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage' (London, 1985), 202-203; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Ac Versuum' (1969), nos. 4921, 2812, 8804).

2nd folio: quia nihil ad. (2)
Custodial History MS begun at Old Sarum Cathedral following the first establishment of canons by St Osmond, bishop of Salisbury (r. 1078-1099) with ownership demonstrated by Old English inscription on flyleaf (i), 'of searbyrig ic eom' (I am of Salisbury), in English Vernacular minuscule hand. The MS is listed as item no. 160, 'Vita et miracula S. Andreae', on Patrick Young's 1622 catalogue of Salisbury Cathedral manuscripts. The volume remained at Salisbury until it was borrowed in 1640 as the fifth of six manuscripts by The Most Reverend James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (r. 1625-1656), as evident from a memorandum now at Salisbury: 'Bookes borrowed out of the Library of that Church of Sarum for the use of the Lord Primate of Ireland: and delivered by Dr. Baylie dean of the Church unto his Grace...The fifth beginning thus. Incipiunt capitulae de libro Miraculorum sancti Andreae. And ending - Qui nos ad principium huius diei peruenire fecisti, tua nos'. The memorandum is followed by an acknowledgement of the receipt of the six books, signed by Ussher and dated 30 September 1640 (N.R. Ker, 'Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage' (London, 1985), 181). In quoting the end of the text as it now appears (123v), the memorandum shows that the injury to the leaf had existed in the time of Ussher. The volume was then seized by Parliament as part of Ussher's book collection kept in Chelsea College in 1643, but later recovered and returned to Ussher (Ker o.c., 183; R. Parr, 'The life of the Most Reverend Father in God, James Usher' (London: 1686), 50). MS features the shelfmark of Ussher's book collection, 'HHH.53' on flyleaf (ii). The Ussher library was gifted by King Charles II to Trinity College Dublin in 1661.
Collation Analysis 2, i-ii(8) iii(6) iv-vi(8) vii(6) (lacks 1, 4, 5) viii-ix(4) x(6) xi(10) (lacks 10) xii(8), xiii(2) + 3 xiv(12) (lacks 1, 6, 8) xv(10) (lacks 2) xvi(12) xvii(8), 2. Booklet A made up of front flyleaves + quires i-vii (ff. 1-49); Booklet B quires viii-xvii (ff. 50-115) + end flyleaves. Quires numbered. Possible quire numbers for binding, 'a1' (i-verso) and 'a7' (48v).
Decoration Booklet A: none, initials and rubric in brown ink only; Booklet B: Initials in brown ink with red underlay showing through, some with red fill and rubric marked with red ink.
Binding Note Rebound 1987 in modern vellum.
Access Conditions Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Copyright Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Language Latin
Old English
Public Note This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources:

T.K. Abbott, 'Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin' (Dublin, 1900), no. 174
N.R. Ker, 'Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon', (Oxford, 1957), 143
N.R. Ker, 'Medieval Libraries of Great Britain', Royal Historical Society, second edition, (London, 1964), 171
M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Aldershot, 1991), no. 174
T. Webber, 'Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075-c. 1125' (Oxford, 1992), 40, 70, 143 and 158
Peter Hoare, 'Salisbury Cathedral Library Catalogue of Manuscripts: A Provisional Upgrade of the 1880 Catalogue by Sir Edward Maunde Thompson' (Salisbury, 2019), 186-191
J. Scattergood, with N. Pattwell and E. Williams, 'Trinity College Library Dublin: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Middle English and Some Old English' (Dublin, 2021), 106

For TCD MS 174 see M. Esposito, 'On Two Hagiographical Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin', in 'The Journal of Theological Studies', vol. 14, no. 53 (1912) 74-77; P. Grosjean, 'Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum latinorum bibliothecarum Dubliniensium' in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 46 (1928) 88-91; N.R. Ker, 'Salisbury Cathedral Manuscripts and Patrick Young's Catalogue', in 'The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine', 53 (1949-50), 153-183; B. Colgrave (ed.), 'Felix's Life of Saint Guthlac' (Cambridge, 1956) 42-43; N.R. Ker, 'Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon', (Oxford, 1957), 143; N.R. Ker, 'Medieval Libraries of Great Britain', Royal Historical Society, second edition, (London, 1964), 171; J. Roberts, 'An inventory of early Guthlac materials', in 'Mediaeval Studies' 32 (1970) 198-199; F. Römer, 'Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augstinus', Bd. ii/2 (Grossbritannien und Irland) in Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Kl., 'Sitzungsbericht' 276 (Vienna, 1972), 330-334, 331; N.R. Ker, 'Beginnings of Salisbury Cathedral Library', in 'Medieval Learning and Literature: Essays Presented to Richard William Hunt', (eds.) J.J.G. Alexander and M.T. Gibson, (Oxford, 1976), 24; H. Gneuss, 'A preliminary list of manuscripts written or owned in England up to 1100', in 'Anglo-Saxon England' 9 (1981) 16; N.R. Ker, 'Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage' (London, 1985), 144, 176 n. 1, 182-183, 195, 202-203; T. Webber, 'Salisbury Cathedral and the Exon Domesday: some observations concerning the origin of Exeter Cathedral MS 3500', in 'English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700', 1 (1989) 13; I. Machielsen, 'Clavis Patristica Pseudegraphorum Medii Aevi, Pars Homiletica', vol. 2, Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina IB, (1990), 726; D.N. Dumville, 'Liturgy and the Ecclesiastical History of Late Anglo-Saxon England', (Woodbridge, 1992), 140; T. Webber, 'Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075-c. 1125' (Oxford, 1992), 40, 70, 143 and 158; W. O'Sullivan, 'Binding Memories of Trinity Library', in 'Decantations: A Tribute to Maurice Craig', (ed.) A. Bernelle, (Dublin, 1992) 171; M. Lapidge, 'Anglo-Latin Literature 900-1066', (London, 1993), 481; M.D. Reeve, review of M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin, Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts', in 'The Journal of Ecclesiastical History', 45 (1994) 690; R. Gameson in 'Canterbury and the Norman Conquest', (eds.) R. Eales and R. Sharpe, (London, 1995), 106 n.40; P.J. Lucas, '116. Dublin, Trinity College 174 (B. 4. 3)', in 'Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile', vol. 5: 'Latin Manuscripts with Anglo-Saxon Glosses' (Tempe, AZ., 1997), 11-23; R. Gameson, 'The Manuscripts of Early Norman England (c. 1066-1130)', (Oxford, 1999) 78; 'Medioevo latino' 21 (2000) no. 11976; R. Sharpe, 'A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540', Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1, (2001) 117; B.A. Blokhuis, 'De vitae van de Angelsakische heiligen van Ely in de twaalfde eeuw', (Groningen, 2004) 467 n.251; C. Lanéry, 'La Passion de Théodora et Didyme: Édition des traductions latines BHL 8072 et 8073', in 'Analecta Bollandiana', 122, 1 (2004), 33-49; M. Lapidge in 'La trasmissione dei testi latini del medioevo', (eds.) P. Chiesa and L. Castaldi, (Florence, 2004), 138; H. Gneuss and M. Lapidge, 'Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographic Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100' (Toronto, 2014), no. 215.

A description of TCD MS 174 appears on the website of 'The Production and Use of English Manuscripts 1060 to 1220', a collaborative project between the University of Leicester and the University of Leeds (2005-2010): https://www.le.ac.uk/english/em1060to1220/mss/EM.TCD.174(B.4.3).htm [Date accesed: 26 June 2018].

Record entry (Young 160) for TCD MS 174 on Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (MLGB3) online: http://mlgb3.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/mlgb/book/4946 [accessed 4 May 2021].
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