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Ref No IE TCD MS 576
Former Shelf Marks Lyon: E.4.3
Bernard: 590
Foley: I.126
c1670: P.1.15
Ussher: H.4.2.7
Title Martyrology of Trinity Cathedral in Dublin
Creation Dates [1200-1499]
Extent And Medium Parchment; 162 leaves (1-2 are mediaeval parchment flyleaves)
Level Of Description Collection
Scope And Content The contents of this Arrouasian codex are published in J.C. Crosthwaite and J.H. Todd, 'The Book of Obits and Martyrology of the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity', (Dublin, 1844), cited below as edn.


Folios 1v-2: (1) List of relics belonging to the cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Dublin (heading: Hee sunt reliquie uenerabiles et miraculose ecclesie cathedralis metropolitane sancte trinitatis Dublinens.). 1, 2v originally blank.

Folios 3-48v: (2) Necrology, arranged by month and day, entries red or black. The commemorations are on fixed days annually. Even after the suppression of the canons regular in 1538, obits continued to be recorded. One of the last is that (on 24) of Rosina Hollywood, wife of Arland Ussher. She died 20 June 1558. There are four entries to a page with spaces left between entries for additions. 49rv blank.

Folios 50rv: (3) List of persons to be commemorated, in a more solemn manner, on Sundays or on days depending upon moveable feasts, headed: Hec sunt nomina illorum mortuorum quorum corpora in ecclesia cathedrali sancte trinitatis et precinctu eiusdem in puluere requiescunt, quorum animabus propicietur deus. Amen. Pro quibus prior et canonici eiusdem loci tenentur orare et specialiter semel in anno exequias et missas solenniter pro eis selebrare (!) cum campanis pulsatis et luminibus circa eos luminatis etc. On 50 an entry was erased and the direction ‘uerte folium’ with asterisk added; apparently the same entry was written anew on 50v after an asterisk.

[Folio 51r: see Crosthwaite and Todd, 'The Book of Obits and Martyrology of the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity', p. xxxix.]


Folios 51v-58v: (4) Calendar (on 52-57v) with grading, holy days entered in red or black, and calendar tables, viz. table for finding Easter (51v), table for finding Septuagesima Sunday (on 58), table for finding Easter by means of dominical letters and golden numbers. On 55 is noticed the feast of the Division of the Apostles. Calendar verses (ed. J. Hennig in Traditio 11 [1955] 84; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Aeui Posterioris Latinorum', Carmina Medii Aeui Posterioris Latina 1, (Göttingen, 1959), with supplement (Göttingen, 1969), no. 14563), a verse to a page: Prima dies mensis et septima truncat ut ensis - denus ut anguis. Concerning additions to the original calendar and the Irish saints represented both by the original calendar and the additions see edn. xliii-li. Folio 51 originally blank.

Folios 59-132v: (5) Martilogue (Explicit martilogium per anni circulum). On the contents, especially the Irish saints mentioned therein, see edn. lii-lxxxvii. In the list of relics on 100v the entries for Patrick and Archbishop Laurence were added in 13th century (first half).

Folios 133-159. (6) Short gospel lessons with brief patristic comments to be read in chapter throughout the year (Euangelia per totum annum in capitulo dicenda). On 152rv are readings for the feast of the Division of the Apostles. The section for saints’ days (on 147-159) has 16th-century foliation 1-11 as far as 157, and this hand notices with folio references where recurrent readings had appeared. Loss of most of a leaf of text after 157v (only an unnumbered stub with traces of writing remains).

Folios 159-161: (7) Regula S. Augustini (ed. L. Verheijen, 1 [Paris 1967] 417-437), ends unfinished (ch. 4; ed. Verheijen p. 423): Incipit regula sancti Augustini episcopi de uita canonicorum, in die lune. Hec sunt que ut obseruetis precipimus in monasterio constituti - aspectum sed quod uestram decet sanctitatem. Arranged by headings into six portions to be read during six days of the week. The second half of the so-called Regula Tertia seems never to have been transcribed in the codex. 161v-162v originally blank.

Gall was applied to certain leaves of the codex, which now have dark stains.
Phyiscal Description Dating Note: (A) 15th century (second half) with 16th century additions; (B) 13th century (first half). [Regarding the date of (B) see Padraig O'Riain, 'Dublin's Oldest Book? A list of Saints "Made in Germany''' in Seán Duffy (ed.), Medieval Dublin V, Proceedings of the Friends of Medieval Dublin Symposium, (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004) where (B) is dated after 1253].

Dimensions: 270 x 175 ((B) c200 x c125)

Layout: (B) normally 24 lines.

Script: (A) one main and many supplementary hands; (B) two hands, changing at 158: the first hand writes in a style resembling script of about A.D. 1200.

Pen-trials: 16th century (on 1, 80v-81, 161v-162v).

2nd fo.: sancte Brigide.
Custodial History 1 has (a) 'O Ricardu’ Keyne' (16th century), (b) 'Mortilogium' (16th century). 1v has 15/16th-century title for (1), repeated in part from the original title. 2 has 'Iste liber constat. Per me Recardus (!) regens reg ??? / (Q ?)uid'. 2v has 'Mortilogium et Martyrologium ecclesiae cathedralis S. Trinitatis Dublin [*Et sic appellant librum obituum seu defunctorum seu anniuersariorum qui confratrum sc. et potissimum benefactorum dies anniuersarios continet' (James Ussher’s hand). 10 has 'Iohannes Cantrell' (16th century). 51 has three memoranda (the texts in edn. p. 59), each by a different late 15th-century hand: (a) about the benefactions of John Morwylle to the cathedral; (b) about the admission to confraternity (1498) of Nicholas Schereff, Margaret Lawrans his wife, Patrick Lawrans, and Patrick Chamyrlayn; (c) about the benefactions of John Savage, who died 1499: he and his wife Ionete Phillip’ and Richard ffyche are to be commemorated. 51 also has (d) calendar verses, with a numeral above each word: Rex fit egens - ars kalat iras (edn. p. 59; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Aeui Posterioris Latinorum', no. 16725). 51v has verses: Filius esto dei celum - donans ffertilis auctor (edn. p. 60; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Aeui Posterioris Latinorum', no. 6525). 52 has (a) Liber sancte Trinitatis Dublin (14th century, perhaps by main text hand of Part (B); similar inscription by same hand on 59). 52 has (b) memorandum on the death of Maurice earl of Desmond, justiciar of Ireland (edn. p. 61). 52v has verses (hardly legible now because of gall stain): 'Post nonas Februarii primam lunam - regulam tu recipere' (edn. p. 62). 55v and 56 have excerpts from Gratian’s Decretum concerning perjury: the excerpt on 56 is assigned in the manuscript to Ysidorus in libro sententiarum (15th-century hand). 134 has 'Edmundus Hedyan anno domini m’o cccc nonagesimo'. 161v has brief service in honour of saints and prayer for dead bishop (edn. p. 240; 14/15th-century hand). 162 has (a) 'Dublin'' (15/16th century), (b) 'Fratres sobrii estote et uigilate…' (15th century). 162v has 'Rex Anglie et Francie et dominus Hibernie… / Henricus dei gratia rex Ang. et Franc. et dominus Hibernie' (15th century).
This manuscript was in the library before James Ussher's manuscripts arrived and is mentioned in TCD MS 2.
Collation Analysis 2, i-vii(8) viii-xii(12) xiii(12) (lacks 8) xiv(12) xv(12)+1 xvi(4) (lacks 4) xvii(8) (lacks 1, 3, 7).
Decoration (A) capitals marked with red; (B) initials red or blue or green, sometimes with red or blue flourishes, and capitals marked with yellow.
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Copyright Please contact
Language Latin
Public Note For TCD MS 576 see Crosthwaite and Todd o.c. v-ciii; W.H. Frere et al., 'Bibliotheca Musico-Liturgica, Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1901-1932', 2 volumes, no. 736; C. Plummer, 'Miscellanea Hagiographica Hibernica', Subsidia Hagiographica 15, (Brussels, 1925), 225; L. Gougaud in 'Féil-sgribhinn Eóin Mhic Néill', (Dublin, 1940), 325; W. O’Sullivan in 'Hermathena' no. 88 (1956) 53 and in 'Ríocht na Midhe' 7 (1985-1986) 9; W. Hawkes in 'Reportorium Nouum' 2 (1957) 57-58; R.O. Dougan, 'A Descriptive Guide to Twenty Irish Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College Dublin', second edition, (Dublin, 1958), no. 15; L. Bieler in 'Scriptorium' 14 (1960) 379; F. Henry and G.L. Marsh-Micheli in 'Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy' 62 C (1962) 123; F. Römer, 'Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Werke des heiligen Augustinus', Bd. ii/2 (Grossbritannien und Irland) in Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Kl., Sitzungbericht 276 (Vienna, 1972), 330-334, 334; J. Hennig in 'Sacris Erudiri' 21 (1972-1973) 416-424; see esp. L. Milis, 'L’Ordre des chanoines réguliers d’Arrouaise,, (Bruges, 1969), 69, 372; M.-C. Garand in 'Scriptorium' 46 (1992) no. 186. Cf. L. Milis (ed.), 'Constitutiones Canonicorum Regularium Ordinis Arroasiensis', Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina, Continuatio Mediaeualis, 20, 1970, lxx-lxxi.

M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Dublin: Supplement One: Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts', (Dublin, 2008), p. 209, states 'P. Ó Riain mentions additions in part B of the manuscript [letter of Stuart Ó Seanóir to M.L. Colker, 21 November 2002: the letter cites Ó Riain]: Some additions in the prima manus reflect a date shortly after 1230, but ‘the Dominican entry on Peter Martyr which is also in prima manus cannot have been made before the death and canonization of its subject in 1252/3’. See also Padraig O'Riain, 'Dublin's Oldest Book? A list of Saints "Made in Germany''' in Seán Duffy (ed.), Medieval Dublin V, Proceedings of the Friends of Medieval Dublin Symposium, (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004), pp. 52-72 and Colm Lennon and Padraig O'Riain in Raymond Gillespie and Raymond Refaussé (eds.), 'The Medieval Manuscripts of Christ Church Cathedral', (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006).
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