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Ref No IE TCD MS 602
Former Shelf Marks Lyon: E.4.26
Bernard: 477
Foley: H.59
c1670: K.1.27
Ussher: EEE.10
Title William of Malmesbury, Gesta pontificum Anglorum etc.
Creation Dates [1200-1230]
Extent And Medium Parchment; 149 leaves (1 is a medieval parchment flyleaf) with medieval foliation (numbering throughout part 1; one mark present in part 2, 'Fo 150' on 125) but a discrepancy suggests 26 leaves now missing between modern folios 63 and 125 (most likely medieval folios 63-88), and an unfoliated stub in the same hand of the main text following 149 suggests further loss of text.
Level Of Description Collection
Scope And Content This composite manuscript consists of two parts that were produced separately in England, with both parts written in the early 13th century. The first part (folios 1-63) contains the Gesta pontificum Anglorum of William of Malmesbury. The second part (64-149) contains a collection of classical works and medieval exempla. The volume was possibly compiled by the 15th century, as indicated by the presence of medieval foliation in both parts in the hand of Clement of Canterbury (fl. 1463-1495), librarian of St Augustine's Abbey. Part I is listed as item BA1.919, Cronica de W Malmesbur' de gestis pontific[i]um Anglie in quaterno cum B. Secundo folio. it regis. D 9 Ga 3o, on the 15th-century library catalogue of St Augustine's Abbey (TCD MS 360; B.C. Barker-Benfield, 'Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues: St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury' (London, 2008) 3 vols, vol 2, no. 919; wrongly listed as item 918 in M.R. James (ed.), 'The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover' (Cambridge, 1903), 518).

Folios 2-63v: (1) William of Malmesbury, Gesta pontificum Anglorum ('The History of the English Bishops'), second recension of text (M. Winterbottom and R.M. Thomson (eds.), 'Gesta pontificum Anglorum: The history of the English bishops', 2 vols (Oxford, 2007); N.E.S.A. Hamilton (ed.), 'Willelmi Malmesbiriensis monachi De gestis Pontificum Anglorum libri quinque', Rolls Series (London, 1870)). Incipit prologus in libro Willelmi de gestis pontificum Anglorum. 2r-v Prima sedes episcoporum post Christianitatem Anglorum - quique suo sequentur ordine. Explicit prologus. 2v-63v Cantuarie sedit primus Augustinus - heremiticam exercere ibi uitam. Loss of possible quire after 32v with text jumping from Book I, Chapter 74 ending: fides penitencie super ethra tulerunt [special paragraph mark] Ad, to Chapter 79 beginning: In diuisione Westsaxonici episcopatus. Ending imperfect in Book IV, Chapter 186, same occurrence in London, British Library, Royal MS 13 D V and Oxford, All Souls College MS 34. 1 originally blank, 1v left blank.

Folios 64r-v: (2) Ps.-Sallust, In M. Tullium Ciceronem inuectiua ('An Invective against Marcus Tullius Cicero') (A. Novokhatko (ed.) The Invectives of Sallust and Cicero, (Berlin, 2009); A. Kurfess (ed.), 'Sallustii In Ciceronem Et Invicem Invectivae' (Leipzig, 1914), 1-8): Grauiter et iniquo animo - parte fidem habens.

Folios 64v-65v: (3) Ps.-Cicero, In C. Sallustium Crispum inuectiua ('An Invective against Sallustius Crispus) (A. Novokhatko (ed.) The Invectives of Sallust and Cicero, (Berlin, 2009); A. Kurfess (ed.), 'Sallustii In Ciceronem Et Invicem Invectivae' (Leipzig, 1914), 9-21): Ea demum magna - honeste effari possim. Explicit.

Folio 65v: (4) Ps.-Quintilian, Declamationes XIX maiores ('The Nineteen Major Declamations'), excerpts from Decl. 13, 14 and 16 (G. Lehnert (ed.), 'Quintiliani Quae feruntur declamationes XIX maiores' (Leipzig, 1905), 246, 265, 290; L. Håkanson (ed.), 'Declamationes XIX maiores Quintiliano falso ascriptae' (Stuttgart, 1982), 264, 287, 318-319): (a) Rich man puts poison on his flowers so that the bees of a poor neighbour die: Dampni per iniuriam sit actio. Pauper et diues in agro - dampni diues iniuria dati; (b) Youth accuses harlot of having given him a poisoned drink: Meretrix amatori suo pauperi dedit - accusat illam ueneficii; (c) Youth captured by tyrant is allowed to visit his blind mother on condition that his friend stay as surety to be punished if the first youth does not return, and the mother does detain her son: Duo amici ex quibus uni mater erat - in calamitate deserere non licebat.

Folios 66r-v: (5) Suetonius, Vitae XII Caesarum ('On the Lives of the Twelve Caesars), excerpts from Diuus Julius, Chapters 40-82 on Julius Caesar: Iulius. Anuum (!) ad cursum solis accomodauit - traiecit conatusque prosilire.

Folios 66v-68: (6) Flavius Josephus, De bello Iudaico ('On the Jewish War'), excerpts: Antequam caperetur ciuitas Ierusalem a Tito, supra ciuitatem sidus stetit - tolerabile fuerat cibus erat.

Folios 68-80v: (7) Flavius Josephus, Antiquitates Iudaicae ('Jewish Antiquities'), excerpts: Paulina quedam mulier erat Rome preclara - eum sedere et affinem uocari.

Folios 80v-131v: (8) Quintus Curtius Rufus, Historia Alexandri Magni ('Histories of Alexander the Great'): 80v-81 Alexander urbem Cordium (!) metropolim Phrigie redactam in sua potestate - elusit uel impleuit (3.1.12,14-18). 81r-v Anxium Dareum de instantibus curis agitabant - miles non defuit (3.3.2-28). 81v-82 Virgines reginas excellentis forme - indole hausisset (3.12.21-26). 82-131v Tyros et magnitudine et claritate ante omnes urbes Syrie (4.2.2) - Omnisque memorie ac nomini honos habetur. Q. Curtii Rufi hystoriarum Alexandri Magni Macedonis liber x explicit, usus feliciter. Text imperfect, lacking Books 1 and 2, and missing portions of Books 3 and 4. Line of text cropped on 131.

Folio 131v: (9) Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae ('Attic Nights'), excerpt from Book 9, Chapter 1 on weaponry and marksmanship: Quintus Claudius in undeuicesimo annali - in loco a Q. Claud' dicitur.

Folios 131v-132: (10) St Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae ('The Etymologies'), an encyclopaedia of human and divine subjects. Excerpts from Book 18 on the Latin names for swords: De gladiis. Gladius dicitur generaliter ensis in prelio sed ensis ferrum tantum, gladius uero totus - framea dicitur ac proinde omnis gladius framea.

Folios 132-149v: (11) Elias of Thriplow, Exempla showing knowledge of Petronius (M.L. Colker (ed.), 'Petronius Rediuiuus Et Helias Tripolanensis' (Leiden, 2007); M.L. Colker (ed.), 'Analecta Dublinensia', (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1975), 195-235), as follows:

(a) On the punishment of adultery (132-133): Quecumque enim femina usum meri moderate minus appetere non erubescit et pudicicie fores firmissime claudit et libidini libens aperit petulancieque ualuas uoluntarie diuaricat- migraturus pro magis expedienti.

(b) On a man spitting at the wealthy and vain owner of an extravagant house (133r-v) (H. Walther (ed.), 'Lateinische Sprichwörter und Sentenzen des Mittelalters', Carmina Medii Aeui Posterioris Latina 2, (Göttingen, 1963-), no. 4165): Cum fueris felix, multos numerabis amicos. Tempora si fiunt nubila, solus eris - perfundere fas est.

(c) On the death of Nero (133v): De morte Neronis. Igitur cum sibi sepulturam, destinatus ad mortem, fabricaret Nero - demoniis abhorrendum serius quam expediret emisit spiritum.

(d) On a son squandering his father's estate (133v-134): Feliciter natum sed infelicius educatum, cui nemo sapiens de facili credere posset posse nasci similem, I. quendam sepissime uidi Lundoniensem. Non reor hominem nisi fas sit hominis appellatione - uariare consueuit consilium.

(e) On a servant who robbed two shipwrecked merchants (134-137v): Duos societate fidei federe solidata coniunctos negociatores ex Neustria natos et in Neustria negociantes fortuna facilis- dedignatur dolis [in] inuidie.

(f) On a student at Bologna that outwits a thief (137v-138): Cum scolaris quidam Bononie - dolo resque retenta malo.

(g) On the Christian knight Zetus and his treatment of his adulterous wife Hero (138-145v): Diuersitas religionum discordie consueuit semper parere seminarium. 138-145 Inde est quod Christianis sit rarissima cum Saracenis concordia - conditos curat habere dies.

(h) On the assault of a British pilgrim and his wife in the Holy Land by Saracens (145v-147): De Britannia quidam maiore miles oriundus Ierosolimam profecturus suam secum duxit uxorem - ueteri uectore relicto.

(i) On the trial and execution of an adulterous female stork (147-148) (H. Oesterley (ed.), 'Gesta Romanorum (Berlin, 1872), 410): De ciconia mecha. Suum forte curuus fossor et sedulus secus salicem qua ciconie congesserant interdiu fodiebat ortulum- copule matrimoniali dederit initium.

(j) On the characteristics of people according to their dominant humours (147v-148): In hominibus profecto mores suis modis quatuor uariant et particulantur humores - uir eris amator erit.

(k) On the gluttony and vanity of knights (148r-v): De militibus. Est quidem superbia super omnes sub sole spirantes militibus herens et hereditaria - non contingit animum.

(l) On the lustful nature of women (148v-149): De feminis. De femi-narum uero iam nunc uniuersitate statim post milites - aratorem desiderare perseuerabit.

(m) On the avarice of merchants (149r-v): De negociatoribus. Sunt autem negociatores auarissimum citra feminas genus - carius sint subsequenter.

(n) On the virtue of farmers (149v): De ruricolis. Ad summam de ruricolis quos sermone uulgari rusticos appellat uilipenditque superba -erubescerem ruricol(am?) uita[m]. Ending imperfect.


Use this link to access the digitised version of the item in the Library's Digital Collections repository: https://doi.org/10.48495/vq27zv242
Phyiscal Description Dimensions: 170 x 125 mm (written space: 130 x 105 mm) (1-63); 165 x 125 mm (written space: 140 x 115 mm) (64-149)

Layout: Folios 2-63 written in single column of 30-34 lines; 64-149 in single column of 28-38 lines

Script: English Protogothic book hand used by scribes of parts 1 and 2 in low to medium grades. Written above top line.

Corrections and marginalia: 13-14th century corrections on 4v. 16th-century notes (2v-7) enumerating the early Archbishops of Canterbury up to St Dunstan (lettered A-X, A-C) in an italic hand resembling that of John Leland (c. 1503-1552), antiquarian and librarian to King Henry VIII of England. 17th century marginal headings identifying text openings (64, 66 and 82r) possibly in hand of John Selden (1584-1654), English jurist and book collector. Title headings (43 and 56), markings of head and pointing hand manicule (26r-v), pointing hand manicule (39), and medieval foliation (numbering throughout part 1; one mark present in part 2, 'Fo 150' on 125) in Clement of Canterbury's hand.

2nd folio: [optinu]it. regis egfridi (3)

Pressmark of St Augustine's Abbey: Di.ix ga. iii (1, flyleaf)
Custodial History Flyleaf inscriptions (1) in several late 13th- and 14th-century hands: 'Willelmus de gestis pontificum. anglie / in quaternis Cum. B. retro / Liber Sancti Augustini Cant'. Di.ix ga. iii.'; note 'de Malmesberi.' inserted above top line in later hand; title repeated below 'Willelmus de Malmesbery de gestis pontificum Anglie' in a 15th-century hand. MS recorded in library catalogue of St Augustine's Abbey (TCD MS 360) as item number BA1.919. This volume may have been owned by John Selden, as the volume corresponds to the poet William Browne's (c. 1590-c. 1645) account of witnessing a copy of the Gesta pontificum Anglorum from St Augustine's Abbey 'in the hands of' John Selden and recording the reading 'iuxta Taui Fluuium' at Book II, Chapter 95 (William Browne, 'Britannia's Pastorals', Bk I (London, 1613) STC 3914) that accords with MS 602, folio 42 line 17 (another recorded St Augustine copy of Gesta pontificum Anglorum, item BA1.918 is now lost). Manuscript features shelfmark of the book collection of The Most Reverend James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (r. 1625-1656), 'EEE 10.' (1, flyleaf). The Ussher library was gifted by King Charles II to Trinity College Dublin in 1661.
Collation Analysis 1, i(10) (lacks 1) ii(12) iii-v(10) vi(10)+1 vii-viii(10) ix(12) x(10) (lacks 3) xi(12) (lacks 5) xii(12) xiii(10) xiv(12). Catchwords.
Decoration Arabesque and penwork initials in red, green and blue inks in part 1; no decoration in part 2.
Binding Note Executed for the College about 1830 in blind-tooled leather.
Access Conditions Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Copyright Please contact mscripts@tcd.ie
Language Latin
Public Note This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources:

T.K. Abbott, 'Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin' (Dublin, 1900), no. 602
M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Aldershot, 1991), no. 602
M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Dublin: Supplement One: Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Dublin, 2008), 209-210
B.C. Barker-Benfield, 'Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues: St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury' (London, 2008), no. 919

For TCD MS 602 see T.D. Hardy, 'Descriptive Catalogue of Materials Relating to the History of Great Britain and Ireland to the End of the Reign of Henry VII', Rolls Series, vol. 2 (London, 1865) 152; N.E.S.A. Hamilton (ed.), 'Willelmi Malmesbiriensis monachi De gestis Pontificum Anglorum libri quinque', Rolls Series (London, 1870) xxiv; M. Esposito, 'Classical Manuscripts in Irish Libraries-Part I: I. Trinity College, Dublin' in 'Hermathena' 19, no. 42 (1920) 134; N.R. Ker, 'Medieval Libraries of Great Britain', second edition, Royal Historical Society, (London, 1964), 42; Colker (ed.), 'Analecta Dublinensia', (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1975) 187-188 (p. 180 is a photograph of 132v); J.E. Sayers, 'Analecta Dublinensia: three Medieval Latin Texts in the Library of Trinity College Dublin. Edited by Marvin L. Colker', book review in 'The Journal of Ecclesiastical History' 27 (1976) 191-192; A. Olivar, 'Analecta Dublinensia', book review in 'Studia Monastica' 18 (1976) 225-226; K. Smolak, 'Analecta Dublinensia', book review in 'Wiener Studien, Beiheft' 8 (Festschrift for R. Hanslik, 1977) 289, 305-308; A.B. Scott in 'Medium Aevum' 46 (1977) 297-298; A.B. Scott, 'Analecta Dublinensia', book review in 'Medium Aeuum' 46 (1977) 296-298; H. Silvestre, 'Analecta Dublinensia', book review in 'Bulletin de théologie ancienne et médiévale' 12 (1977) 171-172; H. Silvestre, 'À propos d'une édition récente de 'L'Hymnarius paraclitensis' d'Abélard', in 'Scriptorium' 32 (1978) 162; G.S. (Selbstanzeige), 'Analecta Dublinensia', book review in 'Deutsches Archiv' 34.1 (1978) 239; C. Leonardi, 'Analecta Dublinensia', bibliographical reference in 'Medioevo latino' 1 (1980) no. 1111; E. Könsgen, 'Epistolae ad amicum - kritische Anmerkungen zu den Analecta Dublinensia' book review in 'Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch' 16 (1981) 58; M.D. Reeve, 'Petronius' in 'Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics', ed. L.D. Reynolds, (Oxford, 1983), 299; C.D. Eckhardt, 'The Medieval Prosimetrum Genre (from Boethius to Boece)' in 'Genre' 16 (1983) 25; K. Bate, 'La littérature latine d'imagination à la cour d'Henri II d'Angleterre' in 'Cahiers de civilisation médiévale' 34 (1991) 9-17; M.L. Colker, 'New Light on the Use and Transmission of Petronius' in 'Manuscripta' 36 (1992) 200-209' and bibliographical reference in 'Medioevo latino' 13 (1992) no. 706; P. Dronke, 'Verse with Prose from Petronius to Dante', (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1994), 23-25; E. Manning, review in 'Scriptorium' 48 (1994) no. 72; Reeve (1994) 689; R. Hillas (ed.), 'Elias of Thriplow, Serium Senectutis', (Binghamton, 1995), 2, 248-253 and bibliographical reference in 'Medioevo latino' 16 (1995) no. 1155; A.S.G. Edwards, 'Medieval manuscripts owned by William Browne of Tavistock' in 'Books and Collectors 1200-1700: Essays presented to Andrew Watson', ed. J.P. Carley and C.G.C. Tite, (London, 1997), 448 n.16; 'Bibliographie annuelle du moyen-âge tardif', vol. 1 (1991)-., 8 (1998) no. 1530; R. Sharpe, 'A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540', Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1, (2001) 112; R.M. Thomson, 'William of Malmesbury', (Woodbridge, 2003), 61; M. Winterbottom and R.M. Thomson (eds.), 'Gesta pontificum Anglorum: The history of the English bishops', Volume 1: Text and Transmission (Oxford, 2007), xv; M.L. Colker (ed.), 'Petronius Rediuiuus Et Helias Tripolanensis' (Leiden, 2007)

Record entry (BA1.919) for TCD MS 514 on Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (MLGB3) online: http://mlgb3.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/mlgb/book/6855
[accessed 23 April 2021]
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