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Ref No IE TCD MS 6403
Title Correspondence of Howe Peter Browne, 2nd marquess of Sligo (1766-1845)
Creation Dates 1815-1839
Level Of Description Collection
Admin Biographical History Howe Peter Browne was the only son of John, 3rd Earl of Altamont. He was an Irish peer, styled Viscount Westport until 1800 and Earl of Altamont from 1800 to 1809. He became Marquess of Sligo in 1809 on the death of John Browne, 1st Marquess of Sligo, and was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 11 November 1809. He was a friend of Byron, de Quincy and the Prince Regent, and he travelled extensively throughout Europe. He excavated at Mycenae and discovered the 3,000 year old columns of the Treasury of Atreus. He married Hester, the Earl of Clanrickard's daughter, by whom he had fourteen children, and settled down to life in Westport. He added the north and south wings, the library, and commissioned much furniture, china, silver and paintings for the House. He bred many famous race horses both at Westport and at the Curragh. He owned the last two of the breed of Irish wolfhound. In 1834, he was appointed Governor General of Jamaica with the difficult task of overseeing the 'apprenticeship system', in a period prior to the full emancipation of the slaves. He met with great opposition from plantation owners and other vested interests. He was first to emancipate the slaves on the family's Jamaican plantations. The first 'free village' in the world, Sligoville, was subsequently named in his honour. He was a liberal, and one of the few Irish peers to vote for Catholic Emancipation. He died in 1845.
Scope And Content This collection contains letters on the subjects of family, political and estate matters. Correspondents include Browne's mother, Lady Sligo, to whom he reports on his travels abroad, his horse-racing and other activities, as well as other members of the Browne family, such as Denis Browne, and their relatives, including the Earl of Clanrickard. Other correspondents include some important political figures, such as Lords Wellesley and Liverpool, as well as the Chief Secretary EG Stanley. The collection concludes with a group of letters from John William Browne concerning the management of Sligo's estates in Co Mayo, with particular reference to Westport, Sligo's residence.
Document T.C.D.MS6403CorrespondenceofHowePeterBrowne.pdf
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Related Material Copies of correspondence of H Peter Browne c.1815-16 - British Library: RP 962
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